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It was normal, at least in aristocratic households, to seal off the room physically from males, even to stop the keyholes to preserve female secrets.
Women were present at birth to help the mother and child but also to bear witness later so that there should be no question about the legitimacy of inheritance (should the child be male).
They are found earlier in the Middle Ages in a 9th century manuscript of the of Muscio, which was a modified Latin translation of the gynaecological writings of the 2nd century Greek physician Soranus of Ephesus.
The brief instructions on malpresentations in our text, as well as the pictures, seem to derive from Muscio.
The only bits that have anything to do with a woman as author are the chapters on ano-vaginal fistulas and uterine prolapse, which are translated from the corpus of three Latin texts called collectively the , because of their association with a famous female doctor, Trota of Salerno.
The rest of Sloane MS 2463 contains some pretty technical texts on surgery, as well as a collection of recipes.
The idea that women’s diseases were women’s business, and that women were ‘ashamed to reveal and tell their distress to any man’, as this text has it, does not actually correspond to what we know about medical practice in the 15th century.
As Monica Green has proved, the later in the Middle Ages you look, the more you find that men have taken over the knowledge of women’s bodies, making gynaecology masculine. Sudjelovanje je slobodno za sve zainteresirane, bez obzira na predznaje. u suradnji s KA-MATRIX-om organizira Radionicu pisanja i izrade fanzina.Roesslin’s work claimed to be directed at midwives, unlike our manuscript, though it seems that it too was also used by physicians and laymen.It is doubtful though whether any user of these texts, professional or lay, would have found the illustrations very helpful.