Dating death

Another approach to estimating an upper bound for the year of death of Jesus is the estimation of the date of conversion of Paul the Apostle which the New Testament accounts place some time after the death of Jesus.

In the First Epistle to the Corinthians (15:3-8), Paul refers to his conversion.

Riesner's alternative suggestion is that John the Baptist began his ministry in AD 26 or 27, because Tiberius ruled together with Augustus for two years before becoming the sole ruler.

If so, the fifteenth year of Tiberius' reign would be counted from AD 12.

Another works backwards from the historically well-established trial of Apostle Paul in Achaea to estimate the date of Paul's conversion.

Both approaches result in AD 36 as an upper bound to the crucifixion.

he died before nightfall on a Friday (Matt , 28:1, Mark , Luke , John ,42).

The consensus of modern scholarship agrees that the New Testament accounts represent a crucifixion occurring on a Friday, although a Wednesday crucifixion has also been proposed.

Josephus and the gospels differ however on the details and motives, e.g.The Passover meal commenced at moonrise (necessarily a full moon) that evening, i.e., at the start of 15 Nisan (the Jewish day running from evening to evening) (Leviticus 23 v. In John's Gospel, it is stated that the day of Jesus' trial and execution was the day before Passover (John 18 v. 14), Hence John places the crucifixion on 14 Nisan.The correct interpretation of the Synoptics is less clear.A chronology of Jesus aims to establish a timeline for the historical events of the life of Jesus.Scholars have correlated Jewish and Greco-Roman documents and astronomical calendars with the New Testament accounts to estimate dates for the major events in Jesus' life.

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